**PH-505 Introduction to Quantum Information and Computation**

- Introduction and overview, history of quantum information and computation, quantum bit, entanglement, example of EPR or Bell states
- Quantum computation: Single and multiple qubit gates, quantum circuits, quantum copying circuit
- Quantum teleportation and superdense coding
- The density operator: ensemble of quantum states, general properties of density operator, reduced density operator, postulates of quantum mechanics in density operator formulism
- Schmidt decomposition and purification
- Entropy and information: Shannon entropy, basic properties of entropy, binary entropy, relative entropy, conditional entropy and mutual information, von-Neuman entropy and its basic properties

References:

- Quantum Computation and Quantum Information, M.A. Nielson and I.I Chuang, Cambridge University Press (2000)
- Approaching Quantum Computing, D.C. Marinescu and G.M. Marinescu, Pearson Prentice Hall (2005)

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**Recommended texts:**

*Quantum Computation and Quantum Information,*Michael A. Nielson and Issac L. Chuang (Cambridge, 2000).*Elements of Information Theory,*by J. A. Thomas and T. M. Cover, publisher: Wiley Series (2006)*.**The Physics of quantum information,*by A. K. Bouwmeester, A. Ekert and D. Zeilinger, publisher: Springer, 1st Edition (2000).